Wednesday, January 09, 2013

Danielle's Picks from the Literature - January 2013

Happy new year!  Here are my picks of the literature for January. SJO and CHOC staff have access to the articles by contacting Burlew Medical Library.

1.  Restoring Balance: A Consensus Statement on the Protection of Vulnerable Research Participants.
DuBois, James M.; Beskow, Laura; Campbell, Jean; Dugosh, Karen; Festinger, David; Hartz, Sarah; James, Rosalina; Lidz, Charles;
American Journal of Public Health, 2012 Dec; 102 (12): 2220-5
Abstract: A diverse panel convened in June 2011 to explore a dilemma in human research: some traits may make individuals or communities particularly vulnerable to a variety of harms in research; however, well-intended efforts to protect these vulnerable individuals and communities from harm may actually generate a series of new harms. We have presented a consensus statement forged by the panel through discussion during a 2-day meeting and the article-writing process. We have identified practical problems that sometimes arise in connection with providing additional safeguards for groups labeled as vulnerable and offered recommendations on how we might better balance concerns for protection with concerns for justice and participant autonomy.

2.  Information professionals' participation in interdisciplinary research: a preliminary study of factors affecting successful collaborations.
Lorenzetti, Diane L.; Rutherford, Gayle;
Health Information & Libraries Journal, 2012 Dec; 29 (4): 274-84

3.  Appraising Evidence for Everyday Research Questions.
Jakubec, Sonya L.; Astle, Barbara J.;
Journal of Nursing Education, 2012 Dec; 51 (12): 719

4.  How many subjects do I need in my research sample?
Albert, Nancy M; O'Connor, Priscilla C;
Clinical Nurse Specialist: The Journal for Advanced Nursing Practice, 2012 Nov-Dec; 26 (6): 302-4

5.  Ten Things We Might Not Want to Do Anymore: How Research Changes Nursing Practice.
Wolf, Lisa A.; Carman, Margaret J.; Henderson, Deborah; Kamienski, Mary; Koziol-McLain, Jane; Manton, Anne; Moon, Michael D.;
JEN: Journal of Emergency Nursing, 2012 Nov; 38 (6): 589-91

6.  Celluloid devils: a research study of male nurses in feature films
Stanley, David;
Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2012 Nov; 68 (11): 2526-37
Abstract: Aim. To report a study of how male nurses are portrayed in feature films. Background. It was hypothesized that male nurses are frequently portrayed negatively or stereotypically in the film media, potentially having a negative impact on male nurse recruitment and the publics' perception of male nurses. Design/Methods. An interpretive, qualitative methodology guided by insights into hegemonic masculinity and structured around a set of collective case studies (films) was used to examine the portrayal of male nurses in feature films made in the Western world from 1900 to 2007. Over 36,000 feature film synopses were reviewed (via CINAHL, ProQuest and relevant movie-specific literature) for the keyword 'nurse' and 'nursing' with an additional search for films from 1900 to 2010 for the word 'male nurse'. Identified films were labelled as 'cases' and analysed collectively to determine key attributes related to men in nursing and explore them for the emergence of concepts and themes related to the image of male nurses in films. Results/Findings. A total of 13 relevant cases (feature films) were identified with 12 being made in the USA. Most films portrayed male nurses negatively and in ways opposed to hegemonic masculinity, as effeminate, homosexual, homicidal, corrupt or incompetent. Few film images of male nurses show them in traditional masculine roles or as clinically competent or self-confident professionals. Conclusion. Feature films predominantly portray male nurses negatively. Given the popularity of feature films, there may be negative effects on recruitment and on the public's perception of male nurses.

7.  Disseminating Research and Scholarly Projects: Developing a Successful Abstract.
Linder, Lauri;
Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 2012 Nov; 29 (6): 362-6

8.  The 'auto/biographical' method and its potential to contribute to nursing research
Hugill, Kevin;
Nurse Researcher, 2012 Nov; 20 (2): 28-32
Abstract: Aim To discuss the potential contribution of 'auto/ biography' to nursing research. Background Auto/biographical research approaches involve researchers reflexively recognising that their intellectual and personal biographies are inseparable from the way that they conduct research, from defining research topics and questions and deciding on methods to conducting the research, analysing data and determining findings. Discussion This paper focuses on the components of auto/biography and considers the usefulness and downsides of incorporating it into research. The author explains how greater recognition of the effects of self on research and vice versa is important when aiming to produce transparent, accountable knowledge. Implications for research/practice Nurse researchers should be encouraged to engage in the process of reflexivity in a way that acknowledges the effects of their personal and intellectual life stories on their research. This will help them develop more nuanced and accountable research records.

9.  Focus groups in nursing research: Methodological perspectives.
Jayasekara, Rasika S.;
Nursing Outlook, 2012 Nov; 60 (6): 411-6
Abstract: Focus groups have been increasingly used as a data collection method in nursing research. The key feature of focus groups is the active interaction among participants to explore their views and opinions. In this respect, focus groups are distinct from other methods such as Delphi groups, nominal groups, brainstorming, and consensus panels, which seek to determine a consensus between participants. Compared with other data collection methods, it can be concluded that the real strength of focus groups is not simply in exploring what participants have to say, but in providing insights into the sources of complex behaviors and motivations. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the focus group as a research tool in nursing research, particularly in nursing education.

10.  Evidence-based practice for the busy nurse practitioner: Part three: Critical appraisal process.
Facchiano, Lynda; Hoffman Snyder, Charlene;
Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 2012 Dec; 24 (12): 704-15
Abstract: Purpose: Evidence-based practice (EBP) involves integrating research evidence with clinical expertise to answer clinical practice inquiries. The purpose of part 3 of this EBP series is to provide an introductory overview of the critical appraisal process, relevant clinical measurements, and critical thinking skills that can enhance nurse practitioners' (NPs') confidence in the clinical decision-making process. Data sources: Scientific literature review, gray literature, PubMed and other online literature databases and resources, and online EBP websites. Conclusions: Critical appraisal skills can assist NPs in interpreting available research, determining its validity reliability, and applicability to their clinical practice. Similarities in the critical appraisal process center around determining a study's reliability, validity, and applicability to the client(s) in question, while the differences exist in the clinical measurements used within specific research designs. Implications for practice: Because medicine is an evolving field, access to knowledge sources that address diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic questions is essential for the NP in order to maintain best practice skills. Making EBP user friendly for the practicing NP is paramount for utilization of best evidence.

11.  Increasing Nurses' Access to Evidence Through a Web-Based Resource.
Leaque, Karin; Christenbery, Thomas; Sandlin, Victoria; Arnow, Debbie; Moss, Kathy; Wells, Nancy;
Journal of Nursing Administration, 2012 Nov; 42 (11): 531-5

12.  How relevant is the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews to nursing care?
Geurden, Bart JG; Stern, Cindy; Piron, C├ęcile; Gobert, Micheline;
International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2012 Dec; 18 (6): 519-26
Abstract: Barriers obstructing evidence-based nursing have been explored in many countries. Lack of resources and evidence has been noted as one of these barriers. We aimed to identify nursing care-related systematic reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 1996 until 2009. Using a broad search strategy we identified titles of Cochrane systematic reviews and protocols that focused on nursing care. The abstract of each title was examined and predetermined data were collected and analysed. 1249 titles out of a possible 6244 records were identified as being relevant to nursing care. Most of them focused on newborn and adult populations and related to comparing one intervention with another, and management strategies. The most common nursing specialties represented were internal medicine (34%) and mother and child care (25%). Twenty one percent of reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews are of direct interest to those involved in nursing care however their relevance was not always obvious.